What Vegetables Can Dogs Eat? (And Which Are Bad for Them)

While dog treats are a delightful occasional indulgence, some can be packed with calories and fillers.

Fortunately, dog owners need not search beyond their vegetable drawer for a nutritious, low-calorie treat rich in vitamins and minerals for their furry friend.

Dr. Jeff Smith, D.V.M., and medical director at Danville Family Vet in Virginia, highlighted in an email to Forbes Advisor, “Unlike cats, dogs can derive protein from vegetables as well as meats. Dogs can derive vitamins, minerals, and other micronutrients from vegetables.”

Numerous vegetables are safe for dogs and offer a plethora of nutritional benefits. Moreover, there are various ways to prepare veggies for your dog’s enjoyment, whether served raw or cooked.

What Vegetables Can Dogs Eat?

According to Dr. Jamie Richardson, D.V.M., and head of veterinary medicine at Small Door Vet, a network of veterinary facilities in the Northeast, most vegetables are suitable treats for your pet.

Below is a compilation of vegetables that serve as safe and nutritious treats for your dog:


Rich in nutrients, beets are frequently included in commercial dog food. When given in moderation, beets offer advantages for a dog’s coat, skin, and digestion. They are a source of fiber, as well as vitamins such as vitamin C, and minerals including potassium, folate, and magnesium, as outlined by the American Kennel Club (AKC). However, if your dog is susceptible to bladder or kidney stones, it’s advisable to consult your veterinarian before introducing beets into their diet.

Bell Peppers

Bell peppers consist of 92% water and are brimming with essential nutrients like vitamins A, E, B6, potassium, and folate. Additionally, they serve as an enjoyable and crunchy snack adored by many dogs. However, it’s important to remove all seeds and stems before gradually introducing bell peppers to your pup.


Broccoli is rich in essential vitamins like C and K, offering a crunchy, healthful snack. According to Dr. Gary Richter, D.V.M., broccoli can bolster your dog’s immune system and bone density.


Carrots serve as an excellent crunchy treat, aiding in dental health by cleaning teeth and removing food debris. They are a low-calorie source of fiber and vitamin A, suitable for both raw and cooked consumption.


Celery not only provides a crunchy snack but also helps freshen your dog’s breath. It’s a suitable treat for weight management due to its high water content and low fat and cholesterol levels, rich in fiber, vitamins A, C, and K, folate, potassium, and manganese.

Green Beans

Green beans are a low-calorie vegetable, offering a lean snack option that fills up your dog without overfeeding. They are rich in protein, iron, calcium, and various vitamins, providing a nutritious alternative to high-fat dog treats.


Peas are packed with protein, fiber, and vitamins A, C, and K, often utilized as a plant-based protein source in dog foods. They offer numerous health benefits and can be served fresh or frozen as part of your dog’s meals or snacks.


Spinach is a valuable source of iron, fiber, and vitamins A, C, and K. It contains iron, antioxidants, beta-carotene, and roughage, promoting digestive health and overall well-being.

Sweet Potatoes

Sweet potatoes are rich in vitamin A, supporting skin, fur, and nervous system health. They also provide potassium, calcium, and vitamins critical for maintaining healthy eyes, muscles, nerves, and skin.

Ways to Feed Vegetables to Your Dog

Vitamins and minerals in vegetables may be altered by cooking, so raw vegetables are often recommended. Consider blending raw veggies in a food processor to aid digestion and nutrient absorption. Steaming vegetables like carrots and sweet potatoes can also soften them, making them easier to chew and swallow.

Cautionary Notes

Avoid adding fats, salt, or seasonings to vegetables for your dog. Additionally, ensure that vegetables don’t exceed 10% of your dog’s daily food intake, as an excess may lead to nutritional imbalances. While vegetables offer health benefits, they should not replace animal protein, fats, and carbohydrates in your dog’s diet. Monitor your dog for any adverse reactions or digestive issues when introducing new vegetables. Always consult your veterinarian before making significant dietary changes or if your dog has underlying medical conditions.

Vegetables to Avoid

Certain vegetables like onions, garlic, wild mushrooms, chives, and corn on the cob should never be given to dogs due to their potential toxicity and digestive hazards.

When in doubt, consult your veterinarian for guidance on incorporating vegetables into your dog’s diet and ensuring their overall health and well-being.

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